Second-generation hydrocarbon fuels from oil palm by-products
Anjan Ray


The production of renewable fuels worldwide continues to expand as a consequence of volatility in petroleum prices, commitments to greenhouse gas reduction by governments and the need for future energy security,especially in regions with high dependence on fossil fuel imports.


Renewable hydrocarbon diesel and jet fuels can be produced using the UOP/ENI Ecofining™ and UOP Renewable Jet processes. Unlike conventional fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) based bio-diesel, the deoxygenated hydrocarbons produced in these UOP processes have fuel quality attributes that are very similar to the corresponding
petroleum derived fuels.


Biomass such as agricultural and forestry wastes are emerging as promising sources of renewable liquid, gaseous and solid fuels. The RTP™ process converts biomass to RTP green fuel, a pyrolysis oil that can be used as process fuel in boilers, furnaces and kilns or for power generation. Use of RTP green fuel can also significantly reduce the energy cost, greenhouse gas impact and carbon footprint of user industries. Conversion of RTP green fuel to hydrocarbon transportation fuels has been demonstrated.


While palm oil is primarily used for edible purposes, the technologies described above offer significant potential for conversion of byproducts from the palm plantation and downstream processing sectors – such as palm stearin and expended palm fruit bunch – into second-generation hydrocarbon fuels. It is important that appropriate sustainability criteria be applied to selection and utilization of byproducts and residues from the palm sector for production of such fuels.

21 March, 2013
Any questions about the journal, please email :

Remember me